Parola chiave: Natural Disasters
The displaced in Bulo Hawo, near the Kenyan border KAMPALA, 22 October 2009 (IRIN) - Civil society and government officials are gathered in the Ugandan capital of Kampala to discuss the Convention on the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Africa and a declaration on refugees, returnees and IDPs.
Millions of men, women and children around the world are displaced from their homes each year by sudden-onset natural disasters. This report finds that over 17 million people were newly displaced in 2009 and over 42 million in 2010, most of them by extreme weather events. The sheer scale of displacement should leave no doubt as to the seriousness and immediacy of the challenge facing affected populations, governments and the international community. People displaced by disasters have the right to be protected and assisted, and greater efforts and collaboration between actors from different fields are required to strengthen preparedness and response."
Property developers in Indonesia and Thailand moved in quickly after the 2004 Tsunami, snapping up land from those relocated into resettlement camps to build luxury resorts, further squeezing the livelihoods of the poor. Land grabbing happened after Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, the Haiti earthquake, and after cyclones and floods in the Philippines, according to the World Disasters Report 2010 (WDR).
A family works to navigate the flooded streets of Cotabato City, Mindanao [19 June 2011] © David Swanson/IRIN A new disaster risk index launched by the UN University Institute for Environment and Human Security in Bonn could help donors and aid organizations better understand why some countries are more at risk of calamity than others, and shape their responses when disaster strikes.